Verb Congugation

haben sein werden antworten aufmachen denken dürfen essen fahren geben gehen können lassen lesen nehmen machen mögen müssen studieren vergessen wissen wollen

Each verb has a basic infinitive form. This is the form of the verb you find in a German dictionary. Each verb has a stem form, the basic part of the verb after you remove the -en ending. For machen the stem is mach. To conjugate the verb, that is, to use it in a sentence, you must add the correct ending to the stem. If you want to say I make, you add the -e ending to the stem: Ich mache. If you do not know how to conjugate a verb correctly, it means your German will sound strange to people who understand the language. If you want to sound intelligent in German, you need to learn the verb endings!

A large group of German verbs follow the normal pattern of endings. Some verbs also follow the normal pattern of endings, but also have a vowel change in their stem form.

Another group of German verbs are known as irregular weak or mixed verbs. In the past participle form of the perfect tense they add ge- to the beginning of the stem, but also change the vowel and add regular endings -t or -et to the stem, as in denken.

The two most important german verbs are haben and sein. The verb sein is also also the oldest one and, therefore, is the most irregular.

Haben is used in many German expressions which are translated into English with to be:

Ich habe Durst. - I'm thirsty.

Use complete list of irregular verbs to find the infinitive, past participle, past simple and present forms.

Pronouns & Adjectives
German Case System
Verb Conjugation

How to Tame the German Grammar Dragon with