Types of Adverbs

Adverbs tell us how, why, at what time or in what place the action of the verb is performed. There are several categories of adverb, including adverbs of time, degree, place, and manner.

Question words represent another type of adverbs: wann (when?), wo (where?), warum (why?)

Several question words consist of wo + preposition: wohin (where to?), woher (where from?)

In a sentence, several adverbs are placed in the following order : time + manner + place (TMP rule).

Ich darf heute hier bleiben. - I can stay here today.

Remember that in simple sentences the infinitive used with modal verbs is placed at the end of the sentence.

Wir müssen morgen nach Berlin fahren. - We have to go to Berlin tomorrow.

Können Sie ihn schon da drüben sehen? - Can you see him over there yet?


Adverbs of Location and Direction

German usually makes a clear distinction between position, movement away from the speaker and movement toward the speaker by combining hin (away from) and her (toward) with other adverbs and prepositions to form adverbs of direction.

hinüber - over

herein - in

heraus - out

herum - around

While English mostly uses one word to indicate both place and motion towards the place, German adverbs of direction often express motion toward a place with the preposition nach.

Gehst du bitte nach oben? - Please go upstairs.

Interrogative Adverbs

wann - when

wo - where

warum - why

Some interrogative adverbs are formed with hin, her or a preposition.

woher - where from

wohin - where to

womit - with what

woraus - out of what

worüber - what about

wovon - about what

wonach - after what

wodurch - through what

wovor - before what

wofür - for what

For each of the wo-adverbs listed above there is a corresponding da-adverb.

daher - from there/therefore

dahin - to there

damit - with that/so that

daraus - out of that

darüber - about that

davon - about that

danach - after that

dadurch - through that/by doing that

davor - in front of it/before that/of that

dafür - for that

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