Plural of Nouns

Noun plurals can be formed in German in several ways. Nearly all German nouns belong to one of the five groups that follow certain rules, but you don't have to learn them all at once. First, let's take a look at masculine and neuter monosyllabic nouns. Many of these form plurals by adding the -e ending.

Masculine: der Tag - die Tage

Neuter: das Jahr - die Jahre

Notice that when a noun is plural, it uses die as its definite article, no matter what its gender.

A very large number of nouns form plurals by adding the -n or -en ending. These include feminine nouns ending in -e.

die Woche - die Wochen

Nouns in the dative plural add the ending -n: vor zwei Jahren (two years ago), unless the plural already ends in -n.

Grammar Patterns

Listening Comprehension