Past Perfect Tense - Plusquamperfekt

Plusquamperfekt is one of the three past tenses in German. The past perfect locates the event before the past reference point.

Plusquamperfekt is a compound tense formed with the past tense forms of the auxiliary verb haben or sein and the past participle of the full verb.

Ich hatte sie öfter gesehen. - I had seen her before.

Ich war sehr müde, denn ich hatte 8 Milen gelaufen. - I was very tired because I walked 8 miles.

Ich wusste nicht, dass er nach Frankreich gefahren war. - I didn't know that he had gone to France.

Word Order

In main clauses, the simple past forms of haben or sein are in position 2 and the past participle goes to the end of the sentence.

Wir hatten das schon öfter gemacht. - We had done it before.

In subordinate clauses, the forms of haben or sein move to the very end of the clause, while the past participle immediately precedes it.

Wir fuhren zum Klub, nachdem ich mit Walter gesprochen hatte. - We went to the club after I had talked with Walter.

Beispielsätze


Grammar Patterns

Listening Comprehension