Konjunktiv II Plusquamperfekt

If it is a condition that has not been fulfilled in the past, we are talking about an unreal condition in the past for which we use Konjunktiv II Plusquamperfekt (subjunctive II for the past). Konjunktiv II Plusquamperfekt is formed with Konjunktiv II of haben/sein + past participle of the full verb.

haben in Konjunktiv II Plusquamperfekt:

ich hätte gehabt

du hättest gehabt

er/sie/es hätte gehabt

wir hätten gehabt

ihr hättet gehabt

sie hätten gehabt

The auxiliary hätt- moves to the end of the wenn-clause and the past participle precedes it. In the main clause, the auxiliary hätt- is in position 1 and the past participle is placed at the end of the clause.

Wenn ich gestern Zeit gehabt hätte, hätte ich dir geholfen. - If I had had time yesterday, I would have helped you.

In general, the Konjunktiv II Plusquamperfekt forms of sein, haben, werden, gehen, kommen, wissen and the modal verbs dürfen, können, mögen, müssen, sollen, wollen are most commonly used. For all other verbs, the form würde + infinitive is frequently used to express the same meaning as Konjunktiv II. It is more common in spoken German.


Pronouns & Adjectives
German Case System
Verb Conjugation

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