Konjunktiv II Imperfekt

Typical conditional sentences consist of a subordinate clause and a main clause expressing the consequence. The indicative mood is used in both parts of the sentence if nothing in the clause is contrary to the fact. Present tense is most commonly used.

Wenn ich viel arbeite, bin ich müde. - If I work hard I feel tired.

The conditional clause (Konditionalsatz) is introduced by the conjunction wenn (if/when). In the main clause the one-part verb moves to the first position. In two-part verbs, the auxiliary verb occupies position I and the infinitive element is placed at the end of the sentence.

Wenn ich Zeit habe, sehe ich fern. - When I have time I watch TV. (one-part separable verb fernsehen)

Wenn ich Zeit habe, werde ich zur Party gehen. - If I have time I'll go to the party. (two-part verb werde gehen)

When we talk about present contrary-to-fact or hypothetical events Konjunktiv II is used.

The forms of Konjunktiv II Imperfekt of regular weak verbs are indistinguishable from the past simple:

ich suchte

du suchtest

er/sie/es suchte

wir suchten

ihr suchtet

sie suchten

If Konjunktiv II Imperfekt form is the same as past simple (Imperfekt), würde + infinitive can be used instead.

Wenn ich jetzt Zeit hätte, würde ich es machen. - If I had time now, I would do that.

The Konjunktiv II Imperfekt of irregular strong verbs also use the past simple, but they will acquire an umlaut where possible.

ich führe

du führest

er/sie/es führe

wir führen

ihr führet

sie führen

It is possible to omit wenn at the beginning of the conditional clause, but only if it comes before the main clause.

Hätte ich mehr Geld, ginge ich dorthin. - If I had more money, I would go there.

Ich ginge dorthin, wenn ich mehr Geld hätte. - If I had more money, I would go there.


Grammar Patterns

Listening Comprehension