Declension of Adjectives - Weak Endings

Adjectives describe nouns or pronouns. A predicate adjective always comes after the noun it describes. German predicate adjectives always have the same form as in the dictionary, with no gender, number or case-specific endings.

Der Mann ist alt. - The man is old.

Attributive adjectives always come before the noun they describe.

Er hatte einen guten Platz.

Attributive adjectives have different endings depending on 1) the gender, number and case of the noun they describe; 2) the kind of article (if any) that precedes the noun.

Weak endings provide information for the noun when it is preceded by the definite article or when the noun is preceded by words that function like definite articles (Artikelwörter):

all- all

dies- this

beid- both

jed- every

manch- some

solch- such

sämtlich- all

welch- which

der/die/das + klein

Weak Endings Singular


-e for all genders der/die/das kleine + noun


-en for masc. den kleinen + noun

-e for fem. and neut. die/das kleine + noun


-en for all genders dem/der/dem kleinen + noun


-en for all genders des/der/des kleinen + noun

Weak Endings Plural for All Genders

Nominative die kleinen + noun

Accusative die kleinen + noun

Dative den kleinen + noun + -n

Genitive der kleinen + noun


Grammar Patterns

Listening Comprehension